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Mohorram – Ramzan
Religion is a faith observed by a mass of people in their own special way in Gujarat. Muslim Festival Mohorram is celebrated somewhere in Feb or March. Muslims walk with the faith of Mohammed whatever their division be, the sunni or the shites. The principles of truth lies with charity, generosity, love, unity with the Koran preaching’s, the five pillars of Islam :
Faith in Allah
Praying, five times a day
Keeping the Fast and
Pilgrimage to Mecca.
Mohammed once told his followers when they returned from battle that ‘You have come back from lesser to greater struggle’ On asking to elaborate the statement, he said ‘The greater struggle is the struggle within’.
Mohorram marks the beginning of the Muslim Year. It is primarily associated with the period of mourning observed in commemoration of the martyrdom of ‘Ali’s son and Muhammad’s grandson Husain. Ali and his elder son Hasan are also remembered during this period as having suffered and died for the cause of righteousness. On the tenth day of Mohorram Husain was brutally murdered by troops of the Ummayyad Caliph Yazid (d. A.D. 683) after having refused to take the oath to him. He left Medina for Kufa in Iraq with followers of his women and children and close relatives.As Husain and his following approached the plains of Karbala, they were intercepted by Yazid’s troops under the command of ‘Ubaydullah, the governor of Kufa. On the morning of the fatal day, 10th Mohorram, Husain fought bravely till he was slain, the last on the battlefield. His violent death to this day awakens the sympathy of the faithful who remember his martyrdom with sorrow and indignation.
Kite Festival
Ganesh ChaturthiGanesh Chaturthi
Mohorram – Ramzan
On New moon, people assemble in imam bara (permanent meeting place) and recite fatihah, drinking sherbat or so remembering Husain and inside the decorated imam, the tazias or tabuts are placed, wooden structures with silver paper, colored paper and tinsel fringes. They are made with imagination and artistic sense and are meant to represent Husain’s mausoleum. From the seventh to the tenth of Mohorram, processions are held to commemorate the martyrdom of Hasan’s son, Qasim, who was slain shortly after his wedding, as well as the martyrdom of Husain. On the twelfth day, people sit up all night reading the Koran followed by act of charity.
The Koran Fatiha ...
In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate
Praise belongs to God, Lord of all Being
the All-merciful, the All-compassionate
the Master of the Day of Doom
Thee only we serve; to Thee alone we pray for succor
Guide us in the straight path
the path of those whom Thou hast blessed,
not of those against whom Thou art wrathful
nor of those who are astray.
Islam means ‘submission’ (to the will of God)
A Muslim is ‘one who submits’ who is guided in every daily act by the word of God. Koran preaches man’s fate, judgments, rewards, and punishment - Paradise & Hell.Koran says ‘Peace is one of the God’s name. Those who seek to please god are assured of the sixteenth surah that they will be guided by him to the ‘paths of peace’ and according to Koran, God does not love fasad or violence. This is action which results in disruption of the social system, causing huge losses in terms of lives and property.
Fast of Ramadan (Ramzan)
The Ninth month of Moslem year is known as Ramadan when Mohammed is supposed to have received his first revelations. In commemoration of this, Muslims fast from sunrise until sunset during the month leading upto Mohammed’s "Night of Power" when according to tradition Gabriel first told him of his mission. It is said that on this "Night of Power" the gates of Paradise are open, the gates of Hell shut and the devils in chains.
Mohammed had known of fasting by ascetic Jews and early Christians. The Ramadan fast lasts entire month, but only during the daylight hours. "Eat and drink until so much of the dawn appears that a white thread may be distinguished from a black. Then keep the fast completely until night" says the Koran. The fast of Ramadan is the most carefully observed of all religious duties by many muslims. Not only must they refrain from food and drink between dawn and dark, but they must not commit any unworthy act. One lie can make a day’s fast meaningless. The day is supposed to be spent in prayer and meditation. Once the sunset gun has sounded, the feasting begins. And at the end of Ramadan comes Little Bairam, a festival of good will and gift giving somewhat like Christmas in spirit.
HAJ at the Mount of Mercy 'Mount Arafat' in Saudi Arabia-More than 2 Million Muslims from world gather once a year for holy Pilgrimage on the Arafat. Under scorching heat, endless flow of pilgrims stayed until sundown on the Arafat plain where the prophet Mohammed gave his last sermon 14 centuries ago. The Pilgrims stay on the plain represent man's wait for the Last Judgement. According to Islamic tradition, it is also the place where Adam and Eve 'recognised' each other after being expelled from the Garden of Eden. Pilgrim men wore two seamless pieces of white cloth symbolising 'Equality' while women were entirely covered except for their hands and faces. Muslims scaled the rocky slopes as they listened to sermons and chanted calls to prayer with the chant 'Here I am, Allah, responding to your call, here I am, Allah, there is no other God but you'
Muslims from Gujarat are offered special HAJ pilgrimage tours as many of them visit the holy place every year. The cities of Gujarat celebrate Tajia and Id festivals and many Muslim pilgrimage places are visited by muslims all over the world as they are tourist attractions.
Religious Places :
*Gujarat is also famous for many Muslim Pilgrimate places like the Miradatar, which is situated in the Northern part of the Gujarat State at the village Unava in Sidhpur taluka in the district of Mehsana. Thousands of pilgrims of all the religions visit this holy place and none of them returns empty handed as Peer Mira Datar fulfills the desire of each and every pilgrim. The meaning of Mira is the brave person and meaning of Datar is the person giving lots of donations to the poor and needy people.
*A famous Muslim shrine is Sarkhej ‘Roja.’ The Mogul King Mohammad Begda constructed this roja in the year 1452 in the memory of his guru Saint Sheikh Ahmed who died at the age of 111 years. He made this roja as his own grave during his life time only. He was buried here later in the year 1477 after his death.
* Sidi Syed Mosque in Ahmedabad is built in 1573. The mosque was built by Sidi Saiyyed, who was a slave of Sultan Ahmed Shah. The mosque has ten screen windows (jalis) on the side and rear arches. The rear wall is filled with square stone pierced panels in geometrical designs. The two bays flanking the central aisle have reticulated stone slabs carved in designs of intertwined trees and foliage and a palm motif. This intricately carved stone window is called the Sidi Saiyyed Jali. The mosque was pillage by the British and they extracted the central jali and took it to the London Museum for display.
http://www.gswan.gov.in, Gujarat State Wide Area Network Gujarat Tourism : External website that opens in a new window http://india.gov.in, The National Portal of India https://www.digitalgujarat.gov.in/, Digital Gujarat